07 September, 2016
Isabelle Dinoire, the French woman who underwent the first partial face transplant in the world, has died, the University Hospital of Amiens has confirmed.
At the time, a specialist in reconstructive surgery, Maurice Mimoun, recognised the emotional nature of the debate, noting the face's "relationship with the soul".
In past interviews, Dinoire said she was happy with the transplant surgery but expressed distress at the attention from the media and passers-by that the operation brought her.
The drugs she had to take to prevent rejection left her susceptible to cancer, the newspaper said.
Surgeons performed the operation when Dinoire was 38 years old, after her face was mauled by her dog. She was the first patient in the world to benefit from a face transplant in 2005'.
Disabled by her disfigurement, she welcomed the opportunity for a transplant from a brain-dead woman.
Meningaud said that with Dinoire's death, "we should put these transplants on hold pending advances in immunology". It is understood she took strong medication after being treated for a transplant rejection.
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Her immune system almost rejected the transplant twice.
"Once I had seen Isabelle's disfigured face, no more needed to be said", Dubernard told the British news outlet.
"I can open my mouth and eat".
'Before the operation, I expected my new face would look like me but it turned out after the operation that it was half me and half her'. "A door to the future is opening".
Some 15 similar procedures have taken place since 2005, with the world's first "full" face transplant taking place in Spain in 2010, when a man injured in a shooting accident received completely new set of features.
In August of 2015, doctors at New York University's Langone Medical Center transplanted the face and scalp from a deceased donor onto Hardison's head.
But he did survive and his life has been transformed.